Mao Yan, Young Man Wearing a Hat 2, 30×40cm
Oil on canvas, 2021
"One of the responsibilities of an artist is to convey their ideas through the artistic language. Even in abstract paintings, the artist's subjective consciousness has a clear intention, which is the code of the language chosen by the artist and the strength found in his painting lexicon.” 
Pace announces an exhibition of new paintings by Mao Yan (b. 1968), on view from 19 January to 9 March 2024. Marking his first solo presentation in the UK, the forthcoming show in London follows Mao’s large-scale survey at the Song Art Museum in Beijing, which provided a panoramic view of his in-depth explorations and experiments with artistic language. At Pace, Mao’s most recent representative portraits and abstractions will be brought together in dialogue, exemplifying the artist’s latest investigations into media, practice, and dynamic stylistic and pictorial relationships.
As one of the most influential figures of contemporary art in China, Mao has established a reputation for his spectral portraits of friends, hazily rendered in blue grey sfumato—a compositional device that he deems a subject in itself. Over the past decade, he has continued to delve into the expressive depth of classical painterly process, alongside technical innovation, as tools to explore the relationship between art and life.
Mao’s portraits, rigorously constructed and refined in private from photographs taken by the artist, rarely derive from live sketches of his subjects. The artist's recent experiments, however, have introduced a looser and richer approach to this structure. For two years, Mao engaged only sparingly in oil painting on canvas. Instead, he focused on explorations on paper, involving a multitude of ink experiments and continuous poetry writing. This 'pause' from canvas work proved to be invaluable. In 2021, upon returning to oil painting, Mao found new opportunities for meaning in the medium. At the same time, Mao’s recent theoretical interest in abstraction and his signature figuration have been steadily converging. These two artistic languages, each possessing different intensities within Mao’s work, intersect in Mao Yan: New Paintings.
The spatial dimensions of the portraits in the forthcoming exhibition, as a result of the artist’s recent inward self-conversations, have become substantially richer. Figures emerge from areas of overlap and intersection—richly textured compositions of fluid boundaries in which time, context, light, and shadow interrelate. Just as traces of classical European painting can be found in Mao’s handling of brush and light, the artist’s likening of his visual practice to poetic writing imbues his work with the history of Chinese art and its traditional emphasis on writing and painting as likewise art forms.
“Now I am gradually adding something to my works. What exactly should I add? In fact, it is similar to the process of writing poetry, deciding which words to use, what concepts to borrow, and what tone to use to implement the expression […], I leave enough time to wait for the accumulation of this process.” 
Mao Yan, Broken Teeth No.7, 30×40cm
Oil on canvas, 2022
Mao’s latest abstract paintings—evolving from both the artist’s intuition and empirical study—will also feature in the exhibition in London. The adoption of a new, personal language of abstraction has profoundly transformed Mao’s overall expressive approach. Throughout several years of exploratory experiments with ink and watercolor on paper, the artist developed new methods to incorporate this language into his work on canvas. As a result, Mao approaches his production with greater patience; gradually constructing a field of fluid energy flow. In his Broken Teeth series (2021–present), carefully depicted circles are repeatedly cut and layered with new brushstrokes to create distinctive ‘teeth marks’. These irregular motifs flow in the direction of the artist's thoughts, expanding at random to create new nodes and fracture the surface texture. The new series, Condensed or Adrift (2022–present), emerges from this foundation. Within this body of work, an ambiguous and illusory space envelops delicate geometric forms created by brushstrokes reminiscent of Chinese painting techniques, creating rhythmic tension between ground and object.
Mao now blurs the boundaries between abstract and figurative creations. What holds significance for him is the adept conveyance of pure emotions through mastery of diverse artistic languages and the creation of substantial content on the canvas.
 Mao Yan interviewed by Mo Ran in “Mao Yan: I hope my paintings will become more and more depressed” ARTDBL, 6 October 2023.
 Mao Yan in "Mao Yan: Painting and poetry-writing have reduced a bit more of the barrenness in my life” text by Mengxi, trans. and ed. by CAFA ART INFO, Central Academy of Fine Arts, Cafa.com.cn, 11 October 2023. https://www.cafa.com.cn/en/news/details/8332301
About the Exhibition
Dates: Jan 19 – Mar 9, 2024
Venue: Pace Gallery, London
Address: 5 Hanover Square, London
Courtesy of the Artist and Pace Gallery.